what are 4 main vedas and who wrote them?

Books are the golden keys to unlock the golden doors of wisdom. You can say a book is the compressed version of the author’s extremely hard work and his lifelong experiences. In this article, I will tell you What are 4 main vedas and who wrote them.

Books are a very good way to preserve our ideas and our experiences. There are sacred texts of each religion which contains its ideas, theories, rules, regulations, etc. To know more please visit our blog post: What are 4 Main vedas?

Like this only, Hinduism has its sacred texts which are the Holy Vedas. The Vedas are ancient Hindu texts which were written 6000-7000 years ago. 

Now there are two types of texts in Hinduism:- “Shruti” and “Smriti”. The Smriti texts are those which are written and preserved in manuscripts.

Shruti texts are those texts which are only heard and listened to by each other and then practiced.  The Vedas are classified as Shruti texts.

These sacred books are the results of the hard work of all ages and the wisdom of our sages. Vedas are referred to as “Super books”, as these books contain knowledge on every subject, whether it be science, math, astrology, physics, etc.

The points which are written in Vedas are even true in today’s world as well. This book is not only ancient scriptures, but they are a treasure of unlimited knowledge.

Rishi Ved Vyasa compiled the Vedic texts 6000-7000 years ago. Till then, they were only heard and remembered orally. It is believed that Vedas have been there since the presence of Universe.

According to the scriptures, the Vedas were created by Lord Brahma and were first propagated by him only. The four heads of Lord Brahma symbolizes the four Vedas, each Veda from each mouth.

The Vedic texts are the oldest texts of this world. The Rigveda is the oldest text in all and is referred to as “Mother of all texts”. It was written much before the other scriptures.

From the Rig Veda, all the other scriptures such as the Upanishads and Samhitas have evolved. 

There are four Vedas:-  The Rig, The Yajur, The Sama, and Atharva Veda. Detailed information on these four Vedas has been given below.


The Rig Veda comprises 10,600 verses. It contains 1028 hymns dedicated to different Deities. While being the oldest, it is also the longest Veda.

The Rig Veda contains prayers and hymns of different Deities like Brahma, Indra, Agni, Rudra (Shiva), Vishnu, Surya, etc. 

These prayers or hymns are called “Riks”, that’s why this text got its name as Rig Veda.  Along with the hymns, the Rigveda also contains knowledge about cosmology, the universe, stars and constellations, astrology, etc. 


The Yajur Veda contains knowledge about worship, rituals, and rites. It contains the procedure of specific ceremonies and functions. Ex:- Funeral, Weddings, Baptism, etc. It contains 1975 verses. 

The Yajur Veda has two parts. One is the “Shukl part” and one is the “Krishn part”. The Shukl part is the organized part, in which all the contents are ordered and written in a manner. While the Krishn part is the unorganized part and the contents of it are not in any order.


The Sama Veda is the shortest in all. It only contains 1575 verses. This Veda contains mainly hymns, prayers, music, and devotional songs. 

Many people believe that the concept of music and dance has evolved from this Veda only. According to many historians, this Veda is the mother of all the Indian classical music and dance styles. 

Many hymns and prayers of this Veda have been borrowed from the Rig Veda as well.  The most popular and studied Upanishads, Kena and Chandogya Upanishads, have come from this Veda only.


The Atharva is the fourth and the youngest Veda. This Veda contains knowledge about different rituals and rites. 

It gives details on Mantras and worship, different types of pujas for different types of Gods. Along with the black magic, it also contains the knowledge of medicines, medical treatments, and surgeries. It contains knowledge on diseases and disorders of your body. Please read our blog: Sanatan Dharmi

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