A polity that systematically discriminate against citizens on the basis of religious identity must cast away any pretense of secularism. Its time we should have a hard look at the concept of kashmiriyat and put it on table for debate.
India is an established civilization. Nehru and Gandhi had a chance to do for India what I did for Singapore because of their enormous prestige, but they could not break the caste system. They could not break the habits.
A Positive And Alternative Narrative: Mahmud’s last great raid was probably his the lowest point in India, that Hindu princes could unite despite their differences, that they adopted a proactive stand in matters of national defense at least on one occasion. This narrative might not be 100% accurate or flawless; still we need to explore more of this to counter the gloomy negativity that surrounds our memory of Somnath raid.
Hitherto in India the thinking has come from the top. I spoke earlier about the state of the country:
destitute, trampled upon, crushed. You then had the Bengali renaissance, the thinkers of the 19th century. But all this came from the top. What is happening now is different. The movement is now from below.
- Nobel Laureate V S Naipaul
“The corruption at the heart of Communist ideology lay in the means. Social justice, greater freedom and equality, an end to exploitation and alienation are noble, humane ends. What compromised them fatally was the inhuman methods employed to achieve them. This was as true of Lenin and Trotsky as of Stalin.”
― Alan Bullock, Hitler and Stalin: Parallel Lives
“Moreover, the Ghaznavid position in the Panjab could not have been maintained by a purely quiescent leadership, for there was still fierce Hindu resistance in northern India to the Muslim armies in the later 12th century. It was only as a result of the victories of the Ghurid Mu'izzddin Muhammad, and especially, the second battle of Tarain or Taraori near Karnal in 1192, the killing of the Chauhan or Chahamana monarch Prithviraja and the occupation of Delhi, that there was a general collapse of Hindu resistance leading to the opening-up of the Ganges plain for the muslims to raid as far eastwards as Bengal.”
Clifford Edmund Bosworth, The Later Ghaznavids: Splendour and Decay