Baba Deep Singh (1682-1757) was born in 1682 to his revered father Bhagta Jee and Revered Mother Jioni jee in a village of Pahuwind in Amritsar district.

Baba Deep Singh is a revered hallowed martyr among the Sikh and he is remembered today for his devotion, sacrifice, and gallantrySikhism has produced luminaries who could display both spiritual connection to the world and martial warrior tradition together. No other way of life has inspired such a great deal of sacrifice and self-esteem as much as Sikhism has taught to its disciples.

Sikhism has produced luminaries who could display both spiritual connection to the world and martial warrior tradition together. No other way of life has inspired such a great deal of sacrifice and self-esteem as much as Sikhism has taught to its disciples.

Baba Deep Singh is one foremost names who had both spiritualism and highest order of gallantry hidden in him. Generations to come will be stunned before his commitment and belief for the Panth.

Baba Deep Singh had the blessing of Guru Gobind Singh jee when he himself initiated him into Khalsa on the day of Vaisakhi in 1699 in a ceremony called “Amrit Sanchar”.

Baba Deep Singh Jee had great spiritual leaning and was among the well-read scholars of Sikh Literature in his contemporary days. His faith for his Guru and Panth was exemplary for generation to come.  The Martyrdom of Guru Gobind Singh jee in Oct 1708 has had decisive impact. His Valor and martial quality until unheard is still subject to awe and disbelief. He led from the front for establishing and consolidating the Khalsa Raj. He fought numerous battle small and big, made numerous raid into Mughal territory and organized numerous Khalsa band to carry out the unfinished mission of Guru Jee to protect the humanity and Self-esteem of Medieval Samaj.

Battle of Sadhaura 1709:  A historic battle was fought between Sikhs and Mughals in 1709 where Baba Deep Singh Joined Banda Singh Bahadur to avenge the killing of Pir Buddhu Shah by a Mughal Usman Khan. 

Mughal Usman was a bigot fanatic who was killed, and his army was decimated following this battle. This Battle has great significance in the history, as it was fought near village Labana in Haryana and paved the way ahead for Sikhs inflicting series of defeat to Mughals.

Battle of Chappar Chiri: 1710-11: The battle assumes great significance in the recorded valor of many battles that Sikh undertook for nearly two century. Following the decimation of Mughal Usman in Haryana, another battle near Kharar in Mohali against Mughal Wazir Khan was also a decisive one. Baba Deep Singh in the leadership of Banda Singh Bahadur summarily destroyed the Mughals and killed Wazir Khan. The Victory brought the area from Haryana to present day Mohali into total control of Sikh. The Mughal were chased away and territorial ownership was celebrated. The tallest religious Minar commemorating this victory is situated in the historical village of Chappar Chirir in the vicinity of Mohali.

Nawab Kapur Singh another Sikh General and a great institution builder of Sikh Panth had great admiration for the organizing ability, martial prowess and spiritual temperament of Baba Deep Singh. The reverence for him ran deep in their veins.  In 1733, Nawab Kapur Singh appointed Baba Deep Singh as Supreme leader of an armed squad (jatha).

1748:- Sikh territory and Khalsa has now started augmenting its military might in the acquired territory. The consolidation has just begun. The acquired areas under governance was fortified for defense, organized for stream of revenue and martial force was raised to counter the Mughal. A more organized Sikh state was in formation. On the Vaisakhi of 1748, at the Sarbat Khalsa in Amritsar, the 65 jathas of the Dal Khalsa (Army of Sikh) were restructured into twelve Misls. Baba Deep Singh was appointed as the supreme commander of the Shaheed Misl.

In April 1757, Ahmad Shah Durrani: – An Afghan had raided Delhi and was returning with his war booty through the northern route. Unmindful of the size of his army or his bloodthirsty reputation, Baba Deep Singh confronted the army of Ahmad Shah Durrrani at Kurukhestra and set the war booty, precious valuables, and prisoners free. He inflicted on Durrani and his army huge losses in this process.

Stung with this loss Durrani dispatched another army of nearly 10,000 under his General Timur Shah to attack Amritsar. Such was the battle cry of the indomitable Baba Deep Singh that in no time a matching army was raised at Damdama Sahib and it proceeded to Amritsar. Baba Deep Singh holding a Sword as heavy as a 15 Kg Khanda (double-edged sword), which he used in his final battle, is still preserved at Akal Takht and his vow “May my head fall at the Durbar Sahib” was the best personification of valor and spirituality. 

True to his word, he fought valiantly, decimated Durrani cavalry but was decapitated in the process. Words defines character. Baba Deep Singh while holding his decapitated head with one hand, he pierced through the enemy marched and finally attained martyrdom at Golden Temple complex on 13 November 1757.

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