Tens of thousands died in Operation Polo. The Nizam didn't achieve anything by that grandstanding. Neither did Jinnah achieve anything by Hyderabad fighting India. But, one would see that, to satisfy his petty ego, Jinnah goaded the Nizam to take a belligerent stand leading to huge losses in life and property.
If you are asked to choose between Krishna Deva Raya and Prithviraj Chauhan as a role model for India, whom would you choose? Both were products of their generations and acted as is the expectation. For one, Dharma is to follow the rule book, for the other Dharma is perseverance and safety of his people. What lessons can they teach us, and what can India learn from the way the both handled the things?
While we assume at face value that Alauddin Khilji raided Devagiri and took the fort, a reconstruction of the same is nearly impossible. Yadava Territory extended deep into Bundelkhand, Ramadeva was the last pre-Islamic king to rule Kashi and build a temple there and the distances involved from the borders of Yadava Empire, the troop strength of Alauddin Khilji and the contemporary politics of Deccan make one wonder if the raid really happen.
Robert Caldwell came up with some fantastic ideas - Dravidian Language Family which is related with Scythian and even Australian Language Families and not Sanskrit, a supposed Scythian Invasion which ejected the Dravidians out of North India - and the Scythians themselves faced the same fate in the hands of Aryans, and many such. These fantastic ideas are still held in high esteem - if not in whole, but in parts and have wrought unexplainable damage to the Indian narrative.
Is Gangadhar Nehru Ghiyasuddin Ghazi, the Kotwal of Delhi during the 1857 Rebellion? I believe not. For a minute, let's assume he is. If he is, what can we infer regarding him from the contemporary literature? Is he Ghiyasuddin Ghazi or an equivalent of his?
China is a unique case. Peace leads to trade and prosperity in the interior of China. Prosperity leads to unequal distribution of wealth between the territories which benefitted from the trade and areas which didn’t benefit. While coast based trade means coast gets richer at the expense of the producer, land based trade means more raids from the Steppes. And more raids in the interior means more armies sent to fight the armies and more armies means more taxation. People are unhappy they are taxed more, armies are unhappy centre is not supporting them enough. And this erupts into a rebellion in China major enough to kill millions and lead to the collapse of whole Chinese Government. It’s not a one-off affair – it happened again and again. Almost every dynasty which ruled China ended because of disturbances in the interior. And Ladakh has a potential to trigger another Dynastic Cycle.
The Russian blood shed in Asia, on the shores of the Araks and the Caspian Sea, is no less precious than that shed in Europe on the shores of Moscow and the Seine, and the bullets of the Gauls and Persians cause the same suffering - Kotlyarevsky
The verdict is clear. India says China is to be blamed but talks of non-military options, but China clearly says India should vacate the area. In fact, it's the same language both sides used and it clearly hints that there was no breakthrough. India is ready to yield a few inches but China wants to yield none.
Does this mean China is waiting for the October-December window for attacking India and extract it's pound of flesh and is just passing time till then, trying to humour Indians and lull them into a false sense of security?
When the Europeans tried to make sense of Indian caste system, they have a model readily available - the Sistema de Casta. It was almost identical fit but not an exact fit...The vilification of caste system(which is regularly confused with caste hierarchy) is main stream now. Any evil India faces is a result of caste system. But, there are some fundamental questions which need to be addressed before trashing it as something abhorrent to human nature.
This is in fact, the claim of both China today and the Dogra General Zorawar Singh then. While Zorawar Singh claimed Guge as a part of Ladakh and tried to take it over, China claims Shipki La etc for being a part of Guge and Ladakh because it's a part of Tibetan Empire...Going by the strategic importance Minsar and Darcheng have, commanding the access to Lipulekh, Maryum and Tinker Passes and slicing G219 into two, it makes much sense for India to reassert Indian and Bhutanese sovereignty in a manner it deems fit.