Evidence suggests that Arab traders and merchants were making their way to the Malabar Coast before Islam entered India, where they continued to practice their pre-Islamic religions. They only afterward became Muslims.
Following then, not much was altered in their interaction with India. The Hindu leaders stayed out of it. There were noticeable changes only after political Islam entered India in 712 CE with the Arab invasion of Sindh, ninety years after the establishment of Islam in Saudi Arabia.
The first Islamic marauders are frequently referred to as Yavanas (Greeks), Turuskas (Turks), Tajikas (Persians), and notably as mlecchas, which is Hindi for “outcastes” who have no respect for Vedic Dharma.
The first 16 Arab Muslim invasion efforts were a complete failure. However, Muhammad bin Kasim’s 17th effort to conquer India, which was carried out against the Kalifate’s intentions, was successful. With 15,000 soldiers, Muhammad bin Kasim marched to Sindh. He landed in 711 in Debal, a harbor city close to present-day Karachi. Before he was strengthened by his artillery’s arrival by water and conquered the town.
After a brief but dramatic occurrence, the Muslims first took control of Sindh. They ran aground in the Gulf of Debal in 712 due to a shipwreck carrying the wives and children of Arab tradesmen traveling from Sri Lanka to Mecca. They were apprehended and brought before Dahir, the Hindu ruler of the Chach dynasty.
The Arab governor of Iraq, Hajjaj, was incensed when he learned about this. So he despatched Muhammad bin Kasim, his nephew, and son-in-law, who was seventeen at the time, together with a sizable army to punish King Dahir and rescue the Muslims. Dahir was assassinated, and his kingdom was taken. Despite this, Dahir’s queen had put up a strong fight. Multan, a kingdom to the north, was also overthrown.
There were no other Muslims living in this new Muslim-dominated Arab state.
Additionally, according to the Koran, the only “people of the book” who may be tolerated were Jews and Christians. The option to convert should be available to all other non-Muslims or perish. However, Kasim made the decision to treat them similarly to “people of the book.” Later, the ulamas, or Islamic experts, supported this. The Buddhists and Hindus were permitted to practice their respective faiths during our time.
But Kasim sent a lot of money, gold, and slaves back to his uncle.
In addition to having a sizable army, Kasim’s conquest appeared to be relatively straightforward due to the division in the kingdom of Debal.
After acquiring the kingdom from the previous Rajput kings, Dahir, a Brahmana, ruled it. Therefore, there was considerable tension between castes and religions, which prevented the essential unity for protecting the kingdom. Dahir was also renowned for his liberalism and secularism, and he permitted not only Arab Muslim traders to reside there but also Buddhists and Parsis to follow their respective religions without hindrance. Some Sassanians who had lately been defeated by the Arabs in Persia were also given asylum by Dahir. As a result, Kasim’s invasion may have been an act of retaliation against the Sassanians and a strategy to thwart any Sassanian-Sindh onslaught on Arabs in Persia.
In any event, Dahir was unprepared, unduly forgiving, and careless, and when he most needed strength, it was absent. This is not all that dissimilar from the situation we observe among Indian politicians today, who are more concerned with advancing their own political careers than with the future and well-being of the nation and its citizens. And this was but one of Islam’s initial assaults, which undoubtedly opened the way for what came next.
Kasim’s capture of Alor, a city north of Hyderabad, came next on June 712. The following year, Kasim also took control of the significant city of Multan.
Since the first Muslim invasions, India’s history has been marked by numerous assaults, mass killings, and temple destructions totaling thousands of buildings. And all of this was done in the name of the “holy jihad” to appease Allah. The Islamic conquest of India was described as “the bloodiest story in history” by even American historian Will Durant. Its obvious lesson is that civilization is a valuable good whose delicate complex order and freedom can at any time be overthrown by barbarians invading from the outside and multiplying from within. This should serve as a cautionary tale for the present if nothing else.
Muhammad bin Kasim had certain cities in Sindh under his control at the time, but his successors led various incursions into Punjab, Rajasthan, and Saurashtra before being routed and routed. They only had control over Multan and Mansurah by the middle of the eighth century. Ghazni, the capital of Zabul, wasn’t taken by Alptigin the Turk until 963, more than 200 years later. Just before he passed away in 997, Subuktigin, his successor, took Kabul from the Hindu Shahiyas. The whole local Hindu population is claimed to have been wiped out after Afghanistan was conquered in 1000 CE.
Hindu slaves from the Indian subcontinent were slain in the hard Afghan highlands to such a degree that their blood formed streams that flowed down the slopes, which is why the area is known as Hindu Kush, which means “Hindu slaughter,”
Mahmoud Ghazni, Subuktigin’s son, launched 17 assaults into India between 1000 and 1027, conquering the Northwest Frontier and a portion of Punjab. He was primarily interested in destroying temples, stealing valuables that helped him finance his attacks, kidnapping slaves, and executing infidels.
He was incredibly brutal, and he set out to invade India every year in order to eradicate what he considered idolatry and ruin Vedic civilization.
Nevertheless, he occasionally had to quickly escape in the face of Hindu counterattacks. The Jats and Gakkhars continuously caused difficulty for the Muslims in Sindh and Punjab after Mahmoud’s death in 1030.
When the Ghurids drove the later Ghaznavids out of Afghanistan in the last quarter of the 12th century, Lahore became their capital. Before Muhammad Ghuri organized his invasions in an effort to annex India, it was another 150 years. In 1178, he made his first attempt to assault Gujarat, but the Chaulukya fortifications foiled him and nearly cost him his life.
He was removed from the battlefield at Tarain in 1191 while still half-dead. Finally, in 1192, he defeated the Hindus for the first time by using brutal deception that the valiant Rajputs were unaware of. Thus, it was more difficult for the Muslim attackers to dominate the Hindu soldiers.
Nevertheless, in 1192–1133, Ajmer, Aligarh, Bayana, and the Gahadvad kingdom of Uttar Pradesh, Muhammad Ghuri captured the territories. His generals afterward conquered West and South Bihar, portions of Bundelkhand, and North Bengal. Finally, in 1206, the Gakkhars murdered him. The Shamsi dynasty was founded in Delhi in 1210, and several other Muslim dynasties came after it.
The Bahmani sultans of central India had a decree that 100,000 Hindus were to be killed annually. Timur also murdered 100,000 Hindus in a single day in 1399, in addition to other victims at subsequent times. According to historian K. S. Lal, there may have been a decline of up to 80 million Hindus between the years 1000 and 1525.
There, in India, occurs what is quite likely the largest holocaust in human history. How many individuals, though, are either unaware of this threat to the Hindu community in India or have never heard of it? The denial of Indian history becomes a crime against the population since the people should be aware of it and take lessons from it.
Source: Crimes Against India by Stephen Knapp
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