Among the first things Muhammad did after reaching Yasrab, which was renamed Madina in honour of his arrival, was to have document drafted known as the Misaq-e-Madina (Covenant of Madina), among the eight Medinan tribes and Muslim emigrants from Mecca. Afterwards, the 3 prominent Jewish tribes were sidelined one after the another, as people from other tribes who didn’t have powerful leaders pledged allegiance to Muhammad and became followers of Islam. Here are some facts about the Jewish tribes and the fate they met after Makkans arrived:
1. Banu Nadir – Muhammad and his companions asked the tribe leaders for some money that had to be paid as Qisas (blood money) for some Muslims killed ‘by mistake’. In reality, there was already a plan in place to get rid of them from Madina. So a baseless reason was given whereby they were accused of plotting assassination of Muhammad and told to leave the city. When they stood their ground with the help of Banu Qurayzah, much of their date palm orchards laden with fruit were set on fire, after a verse was sent approving of this act:
“What you (O Muslims) cut down of the palm-trees (of the enemy), or you left them standing on their stems, it was all by will of Allâh’ 59:5 Quran
After they decided to stand down and leave, an authentic source called Sunan Ibn e Dawood mentions that spoil divide from Banu Nadir property which was confiscated by the Muslims were at first were bestowed completely for the prophet himself. The premise was that since there were no battle accident during this event, therefore the cavalry and the camel riders cannot claim share. Afterwards, some part were given to 2-3 companions of Mohammad’s own choice.
2. Banu Qaynuqa – This was the Goldsmith and artisan tribe who depended completely on commerce and trade. Muhammad gave them ultimatum that they should all convert to Islam or else wrath of Allah will upon them. They declined as they felt they had support from other non Jew tribes of Madina. However these tribes co opted with the Muslims and Banu Qaynuqa were also expelled. It is said that Muhammad wanted to kill all men of the tribe but was convinced by one of the allies, chief of the Khazraj clan, to refrain from doing so. Here is what Ibn Ishaq has written about it in his Seerat un Nabi
The Messenger of God besieged them until they surrendered at his discretion. ‘Abd Allah ibn Ubayy ibn Saul rose up when God had put them in his power and said, “Muhammad, treat my mawali well.” The Prophet turned away from him, and he put his hand into [the Messenger’s] collar. The Messenger of God said, “Let me go!” — He was so angry that they could see shadows in his face (that is, his face was colored). Then he said, “Damn you, let me go!” He replied, “No, by God, I will not let you go until you treat my mawali well. Four hundred men without armor and three hundred with coats of mail, who defended me from the Arabs and the non-Arabs alike, and you would mow them down in a single morning? By God, I do not feel safe, and I am afraid of what the future may have in store.” So the Messenger of God said, “They are yours.”
Then they surrendered, and the apostle confined them in Madina in the quarter of d. al-Harith, a woman of B. al-Najjar. Then the apostle went out to the market of Medina (which is still its market today) and dug trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought out to him in batches. Among them was the enemy of Allah Huyayy b. Akhtab and Ka`b b. Asad their chief. There were 600 or 700 in all, though some put the figure as high as 800 or 900. As they were being taken out in batches to the apostle they asked Ka`b what he thought would be done with them. He replied, “Will you never understand? Don’t you see that the summoner never stops and those who are taken away do not return? By Allah it is death!” This went on until the apostle made an end of them. Huyayy was brought out wearing a flowered robe in which he had made holes about the size of the finger-tips in every part so that it should not be taken from him as spoil, with his hands bound to his neck by a rope. When he saw the apostle he said, “By God, I do not blame myself for opposing you, but he who forsakes God will be forsaken.” Then he went to the men and said, “God’s command is right. A book and a decree, and massacre have been written against the Sons of Israel.” Then he sat down and his head was struck off.
Muslims tend to justify the numerous marriages of Muhammad by saying that they were politically motivated and were meant to make alliances with various groups. Furthermore, they point to the fact that most of his wives were widows. The story of Kinana and Safiya is a cynical example of one of those marriages where Muhammad actually ordered the killing of the husband of Safiyya after which he married her. Both Kinana and Safiyya were from Abu Nadir, where Safiyya was the daughter of the Chief of this tribe and her mother was an elite from Banu Qurayzah.
“If any of you die and leave widows behind, they shall wait concerning themselves four months and ten days: When they have fulfilled their term, there is no blame on you if they dispose of themselves in a just and reasonable manner. And Allah is well acquainted with what ye do.”
So in effect, this ruling by Quran was disregarded by Prophet Muhammed as he did not wait for the 4 month period to be over. Also, Safiya is said to be 19 years of age at this time, while Muhammad was 53.
The purpose of this article is to explain who the Ansar were, and how they invited their own disaster. The reader can try and find parallels to these factual narrations in many parts of the world, including Israel and Europe.
DISCLAIMER: The author is solely responsible for the views expressed in this article. The author carries the responsibility for citing and/or licensing of images utilized within the text.